Les 4e LCE se préparent à la conquête de l’Ouest !
Well, first, let me present this new document. This document is a lithograph by Nathaniel Currier, entitled «The destruction of tea at Boston Harbor.» It’s exhibited in Indianapolis, USA in the Museum of Art. This very document is key to understanding what paved the way to the American Revolution. The question is why ?
Next, let me describe the lithograph itself. In the foreground, I can see the Boston harbor where many people are standing facing the sea. Just behind, I can see the front of a boat. I am not sure but I guess, this is a settlers’ boat, so, I suppose, the « Natives » who are in the boat are actually settlers dressed up as what they called « Indians »… Indeed, from what I gathered, though angered they may have been, the settlers were not willing to take the blame and dressed up as Natives to hide their identity and escape retaliation.
Then, on the left, I also can see a lot of people who are in front of a big building. I may be wrong but I guess, this building serves up as a warehouse for the settlers.
The settlers who are dressed up onboard, are throwing out a lot of tea boxes in the water. I am assuming they are doing this given that they want to show their discontent to their King, George III. Indeed, I know for a fact the settlers are fighting the King’s authority : even if they are in the « New World », they are still subjects of the King overseas. The 13 American Colonies had different governmental structure: they were ruled by a Governor appointed from London who controlled the Administration with the help of a locally elected legislature to vote taxes, and make laws.
Here lies the problem : Britain taxed the colonies but didn’t ask the governors. Could Britain tax people in the US government didn’t have Americans? «No taxation without representation» : the colonists refused to pay the taxes. Tensions escalated in the 1760s and 1770s : this lithograph represents the Boston Tea Party which in 1773 was the start of the revolution in Boston, to protest against the new taxes on imported tea. Great Britain dismissed Massachusetts government which became ruled by an army. It was an outrage: leaders from all 13 colonies gathered, and created the first Continental Congress to coordinate their resistance. They called for a boycott of British trade and petitioned the King.
The rest is History.
Well first, let me present the nature of the document. The nature of the document is a lithography of the Boston Tea Party exhibited in the Museum of Art in Indianapolis, USA.
The scene takes place in a port because there are ships. I can see a lot of people cheering everywhere. On top of that, onboard the boats, there are Natives who are throwing off boxes of tea. I’m not sure but I guess they are not actual Natives, but rather settlers who are disguised as Natives. I don’t see why Natives wuld benefits from this protest, so it must be a pretend. The question is « why would they hide their identity ? » – well, given that, they were quite scared of the King’s reprisals. Indeed, these settlers actually left Europe given that the King was persecuting them on religious grounds: they saw in the « New World » a land where anything new was possible.
In the foreground, I can see several ships. The sky’s colour is a very cold grey. It shows something serious is happening. Like a storm is coming. I think they are cheering because they are shaking their hats. On the left there is a building. There are people at the windows of the building watching History happening.
I am assuming this scene paved the way to the declaration of Independence of the United States of America. This being said, let’s not forget when Christopher Colombus « discovered » the « New » World, it was not really « new » as there have been people living there ever since 15000 BC. Moreover, he didn’t actually want to discover the American continent because he wanted to go to Asia.
To finish, I suppose, throwing tea is a symbolical way to break ties with England.
First of all let me describe this document. This document is a lithography about the destruction of tea at Boston harbor. It was made by Nathaniel Currier in 1846 and you can admire this lithograph at the museum of art in Indianapolis, USA.
In the background I can see huge boats onboard of which I can see some people throwing crates of tea. I guess it’s the rebelion against British rule. I can see mountains far in the distance as well. This obviously depicts Boston Harbor.
In the foreground, I can see people, I suppose they look quite satisfied and cheerful and I can see some old-looking buildings. I may be wrong but I guess that it’s where the British settlers lived.
Then let me tell you what happened and tell you why they are actually throwing British tea in the harbor. British set up colonies in America and there was conflict between the native Americans and the English as the settlers expanded. In the 18th centuries, American colonies were growing rapidly because of the low death rates, ample supplies of food and it attracted immigrants. Britain didn’t arise as long that the colonies needed British military because there was a war between them, France and Spain. British won the French-Indian war. Britain needed money because of the war so they taxed the colonies but they didn’t ask the governors but the colonist refused to pay and the governors said “No taxation without representation”. In 1773 the revolution in Boston started to protest against the taxes on tea.
Later, In 1775, to organize the defense of the colonies against the British army they became a rebelion and they proclaimed their independence. They allied with France and Spain and now Britain had no allies. The American revolution was a success, in 1783, they recognized their independence.
Now, you know why they threw tea…
Well, let me tell you about The Boston Tea Party and how it became such a famous landmark in American History.
It is an event that occurred right after the British Parliament passed the Tea Act: it allowed the struggling British East India Company to sell its tea in the colonies without paying the taxes. American merchants and artisans gathered and mobilized to oppose the distribution and selling of the tea.
Well, first, let me present this document. This document is a Lithograph by Nathaniel Currier, exhibited in the Indianapolis Museum of Art, USA. In the middle I can see two boats, full of merchants dressed up as Natives and throwing away their goods so as not to sell them. I think the people who are waving their hats in the air are happy and cheerful, because they are refusing the new policy. They threw away nearly three hundred forty three boxes of tea.
That’s how American came to be.
Well first, let me present the nature of this document, the name of the document is « The destruction of tea at Boston Harbor ». This is a lithograph by Nathaniel Currier. This lithograph is exhibited in Indianapolis Museum of Art, in Indianapolis, U.S.A.. The picture was published in 1846 but the scene actually takes place in 1773.
Anyway, in the foreground, there is a crowd, among this crowd, I can see indigenous people, but my guess is, they are colonist dressed up as Natives because they didn’t own up to their ideas of rebellion because they throwed some tea boxes into the sea. On the right, there is a big ship. I’m assuming the ship came from Great Britain, because they love tea and I can see the Union Jack. On the left, there is a dilapidated mansion. The sea is between the Boston Harbor and the mountain. I can see a little boat, I am not certain but I think, it is here for take people to the ships.
Moving on, the historical and religious context of this lithograph is very rich. In 1620, Catholics were persecuted because King James I, was very protestant. We need to go back in time a bit : before him, England was ruled by the Tudor dynasty and Great Britain went through many changes. Henry VIII wanted a son and heir to the throne of England, so he annulled his marriage to the Catholic Queen Catherine of Aragon, and went on to marry five other wives who never agreed on religion. His offsprings Edward, Mary and Elizabeth didn’t share the same views either. So, Great Britain went from Catholic to Protestant many times. It was anarchy. In the end, Elizabeth I put an end to these persecutions and paved the way to the Anglican religion, which a mix of Catholic and Protestant dogmas. But after Elizabeth I, James I persecuted Catholics. They decided then to go to the “New World”.
They finally were able to worship in peace. After a while though, Religion was not the main issue at stake, but taxes were. Indeed, the settlers were not represented in the parliament of England. This picture shows the settlers motto: “no taxation without representation”.
Let me present the nature of the document. Well, the document is a lithograph by Nataniel Currier in 1846. It is exhibited in the Museum of Arts in Indianapolis, USA. First, this lithograph represents the English settlers and maybe Spanish, Frensh, Portuguesse or Dutch settlers as well – who were the main nationalities in Boston at that time, throwing imported tea in the Boston Harbour because they weren’t happy with British taxes.
Indeed, in the foreground there are a lot of people shaking and waving theirs hats in the air to show their satisfaction. I may be wrong but I guess it’s a sign of rebellion. On the first ships, I’m not certain, but though the protagonists are looking like Native Americans, I think they are actually settlers dressed up as Natives so they don’t take the blame for their actions. It goes to show how seditious their actions were.
Next, in the background, you can see another ship. I’m not certain, but perhaps the boat is actually turning around, in the face of events.
The settlers later proclaimed their independance in 1776, as the United States of America and captured the Great Britain army. They allied with France and Spain; whereas Britain had no allies. General George Washington was an exellent organiser and administrator and they worked successfully with Congress and the State Governor to secure their victory. He maintained an idealistic Republican Army.
Well, first let me present the nature of the document. This obviously document is a lithography made by Nathaniel CURRIER in 1846, it’s exhibited at the Indianapolis Museum of Art in the U.S.A.
This document represents what became known as the Boston Tea Party that happened in 1773. The historical context of this picture is that the colonists who left Europe since they were persecuted for religious reasons, started to rebel against the taxes imposed on them. They said “No Taxation without Representation” ! This paved the way to the American Revolution and their Independance.
To show their discontent they threw British imported tea into the sea. They wanted to be represented in the English Parliament. I think that the title of this document is probably “The Destruction of tea at Boston Harbor’’ because I can read it at the bottom of the lithograph.
In the foreground, I can see many colonists who are waving their hats to show they are protesting against the taxes on tea. A little further into the lithograph I see what seems to be Native Americans throwing the boxes of tea into the sea. I’m not sure but I am assuming that they are not really Natives but actually settlers dressed up as Indians because they are too scared to handle the consequences of their actions : the « Indians » would take the blame. It goes to show how rebellious their actions were and how courageous they actually were.
At last, in the middle of the lithograph behind the first boat, I can see another boat doing the same thing because there are crates in the water in front of the boat and people are also waving at that boat. Finally in the background, I can see mountains, which shows Boston harbour.
This masterpiece shows how the American Revolution started off in Boston.
Well, first, let me present the document. Obviously this document is a lithograph. The title of the document is « the destruction of Tea at Boston harbour ». It was drawn in 1846. Though, it is exhibited in Indianapolis Museum of Art.
Then I could see a first boat on the right and a second boat in the background. There are also a lot of people in the foreground who must be British or maybe Dutsh, Portuguese or French. Indeed, I know for fact that a lot of Europeans crossed the Atlantic because they were persecuted at home. I believe the protagonists on the boat are dressed up in Amerindiens but are actually settlers. They are throwing some boxes in the ocean, I am not sure but I think they are tea boxes.
Indeed, I know for a fact the settlers are fighting the King’s authority : even if they are in the « New World », they are still subjects of the King overseas. The 13 American Colonies had different governmental structure: they were ruled by a Governor appointed from London who controlled the Administration with the help of a locally elected legislature to vote taxes, and make laws.
Britain taxed the colonies but didn’t ask the governors. Could Britain tax people in the US government didn’t have Americans? «No taxation without representation» : the colonists refused to pay the taxes. Tensions escalated in the 1760s and 1770s : this lithograph represents the Boston Tea Party which in 1773 was the start of the revolution in Boston, to protest against the new taxes on imported tea. Great Britain dismissed Massachusetts government which became ruled by an army. It was an outrage: leaders from all 13 colonies gathered, and created the first Continental Congress to coordinate their resistance. They called for a boycott of British trade and petitioned the King.
To conclude, I am not certain but I believe the boats could go back in England… but the cargos were lost in the sea.
So, first let me describe this document. This document is a lithograph named « The destruction of tea at Boston Harbor » by Nathaniel Currier, exhibited at the Museum of Art, Indiapolis, USA. Though it was made in 1846, it actually represents what became known as the Tea Party in Boston in December 1773.
First, in the foureground I can see the port of Boston and people cheering on the docks. They look happy and are waving their hats to show their exctiment and satisfaction. I’m not sure but I suppose they are wealthy British settlers because they are well-dressed and wear wigs. Next to the port there is an old ruined building with people cheering at the windows of the first and second floor.
Next in the foreground I can see two ships. On board I can see men dressed up as Indians throwing wooden boxes into the water. I’m not sure but I think they are boxes of tea. From what I gathered they are not actual Natives but settlers who didn’t own up to their ideas and feared repercutions from the Crown. They are throwing those boxes away to revolt against taxes imposed by the British in 1773. On the second ship there is the United Kingdom flag flying on the ship’s mast. This episode paved the way to the American Revolutionnary War.